Different factors contribute to different types of cancer. Researchers continue to investigate what factors cause uterine cancer, including ways to prevent it. Although there is no proven way to completely prevent uterine cancer, you may be able to lower your risk. Talk with your health care team for more information about your personal risk of cancer.
Research has shown that certain factors can lower the risk of uterine cancer:
Taking birth control pills. Birth control pills have a combination of estrogen and progesterone that are taken cyclically to produce a monthly menstrual period. This reduces the risk of an overgrowth of the uterine lining, especially when taken over a long period of time.
Using a progestin-secreting intrauterine device (IUD), which is a form of birth control.
Considering the risk of uterine cancer before starting HRT, especially estrogen replacement therapy alone. Using a combination of estrogen and progesterone for HRT may help lower risk.
Maintaining a healthy weight, ideally a body mass index (BMI) less than 25.
If you have diabetes, good disease management, such as regularly monitoring blood glucose levels, can lower your risk.