Statistics of Cervical Cancer
Incidence rates of cervical cancer dropped by more than 50% from the mid-1970s to the mid-2000s due in part to an increase in screening, which can find cervical changes before they turn cancerous. Decreasing incidence rates in young women may be due to the use of the HPV vaccine.
It is estimated that 4,290 deaths from cervical cancer will occur this year. Similar to the incidence rates, the death rate dropped by around 50% since the mid-1970s, partly because the increase in screening resulted in earlier detection of cervical cancer. However, the decrease in the death rate has gone from around 4% each year from 1996 to 2003 to less than 1% from 2009 to 2018.
Cervical cancer is most often diagnosed between the ages of 35 and 44. The average age of diagnosis is 50. About 20% of cervical cancers are diagnosed after age 65. Usually, these cases occur in people who did not receive regular cervical cancer screenings before age 65. It is rare for people younger than 20 to develop cervical cancer.
The 5-year survival rate tells you what percent of people live at least 5 years after the cancer is found. Percent means how many out of 100. The 5-year survival rate for all people with cervical cancer is 66%.
However, survival rates can vary by factors such as race, ethnicity, and age. For white women, the 5-year survival rate is 71%. For Black women, the 5-year survival rate is 58%. For white women younger than age 50, the 5-year survival rate is 78%. For Black women age 50 and older, the 5-year survival rate is 46%.
Survival rates depend on many factors, including the stage of cervical cancer that is diagnosed. When detected at an early stage, the 5-year survival rate for people with invasive cervical cancer is 92%. About 44% of people with cervical cancer are diagnosed at an early stage.
It is important to remember that statistics on the survival rates for people with cervical cancer are an estimate. The estimate comes from annual data based on the number of people with this cancer in the United States.
Also, experts measure the survival statistics every 5 years. So the estimate may not show the results of better diagnosis or treatment available for less than 5 years. Talk with your doctor if you have any questions about this information.